Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is dangerous for your oral health as well as your overall health. While many people are aware of the dangers of gum disease, not many know of how threatening it is to your oral health. The most common forms of gum disease, gingivitis (red, bleeding, and/or puffy gums) and periodontitis (gingivitis plus bone loss around the teeth), are caused by an accumulation of plaque and tartar around your teeth.
Plaque and tartar release bacteria that contains toxins which irritate the gums. The toxins cause an inflammatory response which separates the gums from the teeth and bone, causing the formation of pockets. The pockets can eventually lead to bone deterioration and if left untreated, the condition can easily lead to tooth loss.
Early treatment and prevention are the best defense against gum disease. Gingivitis can be reversed and periodontitis can be partially reversed and/or at least stopped from worsening, so early detection is critical. You can help defend your family from gum disease by maintaining regular dental check-ups and also keeping good hygiene habits, such as flossing and brushing at least twice a day.